Biography

The biographical articles, booklet, essays, excerpts and monographs on late Professor Syed Hasan Askari have been authored and published by eminent academics, scholars, professionals, officials, and researchers, in English, French, German, Hindi and Urdu languages. These scholarly documents highlight Prof. Askari's illustrious life with respect to historical events, professional career & distinguished services, complimented by presidential awards & honors in addition to official recognition of his literary & scholarly achievements during his life and even after his death. 

Posted below is a brief biography in English language followed by German translation and complimented by French biographical article dated 1998. The extended detailed biography of late Prof. Askari is in the works and will be posted in January 2021.

 

Professor Syed Hasan Askari (1901-1990)

 

Professor Syed Hasan Askari was a distinguished historian and eminent scholar of medieval Indian history, active in his field between 1926 to the year of his death in 1990. He gained international recognition as one of the foremost authorities on the Delhi Sultanate, the Mughals in addition to the mystic literature of Indian Sufis. His knowledge of Bihar’s medieval and early modern history was almost encyclopedic. Prof. Askari was unrivaled in his knowledge of original Persian sources and considered most learned scholar of Persian manuscripts.

 

Professor S. H. Askari’s research encompassed a wide range of subjects including medieval Sufism, the Delhi Sultanate, the Mughals, Bihar’s regional history, and other aspects of cultural and social history between the 12th and 18th centuries. Professor Askari authored more than 200 research papers, edited historical volumes, and translated Persian manuscripts, which have been published in 18 books and hundreds of journals and proceedings.

 

Professor Syed Hasan Askari had the distinction of receiving awards from three Presidents of India: 

1. His Excellency Gyani Zail Singh, the then President of India, awarded the Padma Shri to Professor Syed Hasan Askari in 1985. Padma Shri (also Padmashree) is one of the highest civilian awards. It was given to Professor Askari in recognition of his distinguished contribution to education and literature.

2. His Excellency Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy, the then President of India, presented Professor Syed Hasan Askari with the President's Certificate of Honor in 1979.

3. Professor Syed Hasan Askari was presented the Ghalib Award 1974 in recognition of his stellar research work in 1975 by His Excellency Fakhruddin Ali Ahmad, the then President of India. 

4. The late Shah of Iran invited Professor Askari and his wife Mrs. Salma Askari to attend the 2500th year of Persian Monarchy in 1971, but he could not attend due to illness.

5. Prof. Askari was also awarded the title of Khan Sahib (1943), Bihar Ratnam (1987), Komudi Samman Prashastari Patra (1990), and Tamra Patra (1990).

6. The Bihar Research Society published a felicitation volume in Prof. Askari's honor in 1968. The K. P. Jayaswal Research Institute published a special centenary volume in Prof. Askari's honor in 2001. 

7. Bihar State Archives (BSA) has been annually organizing a Professor Syed Hasan Askari Memorial Event since 2013. BSA’s Research Hall was named in honor of Professor Syed Hasan Askari in 2019. 

8. Wikipedia posted a biographical article on Professor Syed Hasan Askari in 2019.

About Professor Syed Hasan Askari

Syed Hasan Askari was born in 1901 to a middle-class Zamindar family of Kujhwa in Saran district in North Bihar, now called Siwan. Hasan Askari was the third son of Janab Syed Razi Hasan and Raziat Fatima, whose ancestors settled there in the middle of the 18th century. Askari Sahib was married to Ummah Salma in 1926. They had three sons and four daughters. Two of his daughters are settled in Karachi, Pakistan, while the rest of his children live in India.

Askari Sahib showed early promise when he secured a 1st Division and a District Junior Scholarship during his matriculation examination from Chapra Zila School, Bihar, in 1918. He went on to receive his B.A. (Honors) from Greer Bhumihar Brahmin College (now Langhat Singh College), Muzaffarpur, in 1921. He received an M.A. in History from Patna University in 1924, and B.L. from Patna University in 1925. In 1969 Magadh University conferred upon Prof. Askari the degree of Doctor of Literature (honoris causa). In 1984 Patna University also conferred on him an honorary doctorate. 

Professor Askari started his academic career in 1926. He was President of the Medieval India Section of the 10th Session of the Indian History Congress in 1947, was made Head of the History Department, Patna College, in 1950, became Honorary Director of K. P. Jayaswal Research Institute (1962-1969), and received the title of Honorary President, Regional Records Survey Committee, Bihar (1981-1988). He additionally served as an executive member of several research committees, editorial boards, academic institutes and organizations.

 

Professor Syed Hasan Askari passed away at the age of 89 in Patna, India on November 28th, 1990.

Professor Syed Hasan Askari (1901-1990) - German Translation

 

Prof. Syed Hasan Askari war ein distinguiert Historiker und eminent Gelehrte von mittelatlerlische indische Geschichte, aktiv in seinem Gebiet von 1926 bis zum Jahr seines Tods in 1990. Er verschaffte internationale Anerkennung als ein vorderste Autoritӓt am mystischen Literatur der indischen Sufis. Seine Erkenntnisse von der Geschichte des Bihars (mittelalterische und frühneuzeitliche) war fast enzyklopӓdisch. Professor Askari war unvergleichlich in seinem Wissen von originellen persischen Quellen und war am meistens gelernte Gelehrte der persischen Handschriften.

Die Forschung von Professor Askari fasste eine vielfӓlltige Kollektion von Fӓchern wie mittelalterisches Sufism, Delhi Sultanate, Mughals, die regionelle Geschichte von Bihar und andere Aspekte der kulturellen und soziallen Geschichte zwischen dem 12. Und 18. Jahrhunderts um. Prof. Askari verfasste mehr als 200 Forschungsberichte, bearbeitete historische Bӓnde und übersetzte persische Handschriften, die in 18 Bücher und hundert von Zeitschriften und berichte verӧffentlicht wurden.

 

Prof. Askari hatte die Auszeichnung, Auszeichnungen von drei indischen Prӓsidenten zu erhalten:

  1. Im Jahr 1985 verlieh seine Exzellenz Gyani Zail Singh, der damalige Prӓsident des Indiens Prof. Askari den Padma Shri. Der Padma Shri (auch Padma Shree) ist ein hӧchste zivile Auszeichnugen. Er wurde zu Prof. Askari um seine distinguierte Kontribution zu Bildung und Literatur zu erkennen gegeben.

  2. Im Jahr 1979 prӓsentierte seine Exzellenz Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy, der damalige Prӓsident des Indiens Prof.Askari die Ehrurkunde des Prӓsidents.

  3. Prof. Syed Hasan Askari wurde in 1974 die Ghalib Auszeichnung von seiner Exzellenz Fakhruddin Ali Ahmad, der damalige Prӓsident des Indiens als Anerkennung für seine stellar Forschungsarbeit prӓsentiert.

  4. Der verstorbende Shah Des Irans lud Prof. Askari und seine Frau Salma Askari zum 2500. Jahr der persischen Monarchie (1971) aber wegen seiner Krankheit kӧnnte er das nicht erledigen.

  5. Prof.S.H.Askari wurde auch den Titel Khan Sahib (1943), Bihar Ratnam (1987), Komudi Samman Prashastari Patra (1990) und Tamra Patra (1990) ausgezeichnet.

  6. Bihar Forschungs Gesellschaft verӧffentlichte ein Glückwünschsband (1968) um Prof. Askari zu ehren. Das K.P.Jayswal Forschungsinstitut verӧffentlichte auch ein besonderes hundert jӓhriges Band (2001) um ihn zu ehren.

  7. Seit 2013 organisiert Bihar Staatsarchiv jӓhrlich ein Askari Memorial Event. Der Forschungshalle des Bihar Staatsarchivs wurde 2019 zu Ehren von Prof. Askari benannt.

  8. In 2019 verӧffentlichte Wikipedia einen biografischen Beitrag über Prof. Syed Hasan Askari.

 

 

Über Prof. Syed Hasan Askari

Syed Hasan Askari wurde in 1901 zu einer mittelklassen Zamindar Familie von Kujhwa in Saran Gebiet in norden Bihar (jetzt benannt als Siwan) geboren. Er war der dritte Sohn von Janab Syed Razi Hasan und Raziat Fatima, deren Vorfahren lieβen sich dort in der Mitte des 18. Jahrhunderts nieder. Askari Saheb wurde mit Ummah Salma in 1926 verheiratet. Sie hatten drei Sӧhne und vier Tӧchter. Zwei von seiner Tӧchter lassen sich in Karachi (Pakistan) nieder und die reste seiner Kinder wohnen in Indien.

Askari Saheb zeigte frühes Versprechen, als er wӓhrend seiner Schulabschluss an der Chapra Zila Schule,Bihar in 1918 ein 1. Division und ein Distrikt Junior Stipendium erhielt. Er hat sein B.A. (Honours) von Greer Bhumihar College (jetzt Langhat Singh College), Muzaffpur in 1921gemacht. Danach hat er sein Magester (Geschichte) in 1924 und B.L. in 1925 von der Patna Universitӓt gemacht. 1969 verlieh die Magadh Universitӓt Prof. Askari den Doktor der Literatur (Honouris Causa). In 1984 verlieh ihn auch die Patna Universitӓt ein Ehrendoktor.

(Ms. Nida Ahmad, India, July 2020)

 

Professor Syed Hasan Askari (1901-1990) - Biographical Article in French

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"Professor Askari's Works" by Dr. Catherine Servan-Schreiber, Professor, École des hautes études en sciences sociales (School for Advanced Studies in the Social Sciences), EHESS, Paris, France. Published in "du monde musulm Dictionnaire biographique des savants et grandes figures du monde musulan périphérique du XIXème siècle à nos jours", January 1998.

 

Bibliography

1968

  • "Syed Hasan Askari - A Profile" by Prof. Dr. Qeyamuddin Ahmed

  • "Writings of Syed Hasan Askari" by Prof. Dr. Qeyamuddin Ahmed

  • "Reminiscences of Prof. S. H. Askari" by Prof. Dr. Vishwanath Prasad Varma

Published in "Professor Syed Hasan Askari Felicitation Volume by Śrīdhara Vāsudeva Sohonī, The Journal of The Bihar Research Society, Special Issue" . 1968

1982

  • "Excerpts (on Prof. Askari in Urdu)" by Prof. Dr. Kaleemuddin Ahmed

Published in "Appni Talaash mein, Vol. 3" by Kaleemuddin Ahmed, 1982​

1986

  • "Askari, Syed Hasan (1901-)" by Prof. Dr. Qeyamuddin Ahmed

Published in "Dictionary Of National Biography Supplement Vol. 1(a-d)1986
by Ray, N. R, Ed,"
 1982​

 

1990

  • "Obituary - Professor Syed Hasan Askari (1901 - 1990)" by Prof. Dr. Jagdish Naryan Sarkar

Published in "The Quarterly Review of Historical Studies, Vol. XXX (30), July-September", 1990

1995

  • "Harf-e Chund"

Published in "Hindūstān ke ʻahd-i vust̤á par maqālāt by Professor Syed Hasan Askari", Khuda Buksh Oriental Public Library, Patna, India, 1995

1996

  • "Syed Hasan Askari - Aik Nazr Mein" by Dr. Syed Hussain Ahmad

  • "Ahwal-e-Waqai" by Dr. S. M. Hasnain  

  • "Nazaran-i-Aqeedat" by Dr. Moosi Raza

  • "Pesh Lawaz" by Dr. Khaliq Ahmad Nizami

Published in "Maqālāt-i Sayyid Ḥasan ʻAskarī  - Syed Hasan Askari, Muratab: Syed Muḥammad Ḥasnain", 1990

1998

  • "Professor Askari's Works" by Dr. Catherine Servan-Schreiber, Professor, École des hautes études en sciences sociales (School for Advanced Studies in the Social Sciences), EHESS, Paris, France. 

Published in "du monde musulm Dictionnaire biographique des savants et grandes figures du monde musulan périphérique du XIXème siècle à nos jours", January 1998.

i

2001

  • "Askari Saheb - An Inspiring Example" by Governor A.R. Kidwai

  • "Syed Hasan Askari - A Profile" by Prof. Dr. Qeyamuddin Ahmed

  • "Writings of Syed Hasan Askari" by Prof. Dr. Qeyamuddin Ahmed

  • "Reminiscences of Prof. S. H. Askari" by Prof. Dr. Vishwanath Prasad Varma

  • "My Teacher - Prof. S. H. Askari: A Tribute" by Prof. Dr. Rajiva Nain Prasad

  • "What Askari Sahib Meant to Me" by Father Paul Jackson

  • "Professor Askari - As I Knew him" by N. M. P. Srivastava

  • "The last writing of Professor Syed Hasan Askari" by Prof. Dr. Imtiaz Ahmad

  • "Image of Sacrifice and Compassion" (Hindi) by Dr. Jagdishwar Pandey ("Padmashree Professor Syed Hasan Askari", English Translation by Mr. Faraz Ahmad, Patna India, 2020)

  • "Few Memories of Prof. Syed Hasan Askari" (Hindi) by Tasneem Kausar ("An Icon of Abstinence and Kindness", English Translation by Mr. Faraz Ahmad, Patna India, 2020)

  • General Editor's Note (on Professor Syed Hasan Askari) by Bijoy Kumar Chaudhary. 

Published in "Readings in Indian History, Syed Hasan Askari Centenary Volume", 2001

2002

  • "Syed Hasan Askari, Aik Dervesh" (Urdu) by Khawaja Afzal Imam

Published in "KBLJ, Vol 128", 2002

  • "Syed Hasan Askari, Life and Works" by Prof. Dr. Imtiaz Ahmad

Published in "KBLJ, Vol 130", 2002

2004

  • "Professor Syed Hasan Askari Sahib" (Urdu) by Mahmood Alam

Published in "Zamana Us Ko Bhula Na Dey", 2004

2015

  • "Reflections on the Writings of Syed Hasan Askari" by Prof. Dr. Imtiaz Ahmad

Published in "MEDIEVAL BIHAR AND THE SUFIS, Syed Hasan Askari Memorial Lecture", 2015

2016

  • "Syed Hasan Askari, Yadoon Key Aainay Mein" (Urdu) by Aquila Fatima

Published in "Yadoon Key Aainay Mein", 2016

"Professor Syed Hasan Askari" by PSHA-Historiography Project, LA, USA

Published Online at "Official Author Facebook Page of Professor Syed Hasan Askari", 2016

2018

"Bihar’s Syed Hasan Askari, one of the country’s greatest historians and recipient of Padmashree" by Syed Ashar Ali

Published Online at "PatnaBeats", 2018

2019

  • "Professor Syed Hasan Askari" by PSHA-Historiography Project, LA, USA

Published Online at "Official Website of Professor Syed Hasan Askari", 2019

  • "Syed Hasan Askari" by John Bestille (USA)

Published Online by "Wikipedia", 2019

2020

  • "SYED HASAN ASKARI AS A HISTORIAN" by Prof. Dr. Imtiaz Ahmad

In process for publication in "Historians of Bihar", December 2020

  • "SYED HASAN ASKARI (1901-1990)" by Dr. S. A. Naqvi (Concept), Dr. H. L. Archambault (Editing) and PSHA-Historiography Project, LA, USA (Compilation & Formatting). German translation by Nida Ahmad, India.

In process for publication in "Saran Community Newsletter, Pakistan", July 2020

2021

  • "PROFESSOR SYED HASAN ASKARI" by PSHA-Historiography Project, LA, USA

In process for publication​ in "PROFESSOR SYED HASAN ASKARI - OMNIBUS VOLUME", December 2021

Catherine Servan S Bio article.jpg